In order to understand how Arizona Neurofeedback therapy works we first need to understand how the brain works. The systems that govern the human brain are the most complex and compact on earth. In order for the brain to function optimally, the parts of the brain must talk to one another constantly. The brain accomplishes this communication by transmitting electrical signals along neurons that connect one area of the brain to another. The electrical signals are expressed as brain waves. Using non-invasive surface electrodes that are placed on the surface of the scalp, the system is able to translate these brainwaves on to a computer screen for observation – It’s like having a window to the brain.
There are four distinct brain wave frequencies:
||Produced when you are awake and engaged in active thought
||Produced mostly when you close your eyes and relax.
||Produced when you start to fall asleep.
||Produced when you are sleeping
Over forty years of research has demonstrated that, for any given circumstance there is an accepted normal pattern of brain wave activity. This healthy pattern is referred to as Neurological Regulation. A healthy, balanced, and properly regulated nervous system will produce the appropriate brain waves at the appropriate levels and at the appropriate times for any given situation. For example, it is appropriate for the brain to produce Beta waves when it is focused on a task however in some individuals, focusing on a task results in the production of Theta instead of Beta. Outwardly this particular patient would demonstrate symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity – much like we see in some cases of ADD/ADHD. This reversal is just one example of Neurological Dysregulation Syndrome. Some of the conditions that may be the result of NDS include: ADD / ADHD, Headaches/Migraines, Learning Disorders, Memory Loss, Overeating / Binge Eating, Fibromyalgia, Chronic Pain, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Anxiety Disorders, Insomnia, Age Related Cognitive Disorders.
Brain Wave Regulation
Arizona Neurofeedback Therapy is a form of neurofeedback that allows the nervous system to retrain itself to create new, more appropriate wave patterns and break the cycle of NDS. Though this technology is quite complex, the training activity is simple, painless, drugless and non-invasive. Surface electrodes are placed on the scalp and EEG activity is transmitted to the computer screen. Visual feedback of the patient’s brainwaves in the form of an animated game such as Pac Man, or a movie is provided instantly. The animated game or a movie only plays when the patient is producing the correct brainwave. If the patient’s brain stops producing the desired brain wave the game or the movie, stop playing. As the nervous system reorganizes itself based on this instantaneous information, the patterns begin to normalize. Over the course of 10 to 20 training sessions, the brain modifies itself to begin producing the appropriate brain waves at the appropriate times resulting in an alleviation of the symptoms.